Policies and Ethical Rules

Warning: Following guidelines here is essential for all authors. Please pay attention that ignoring some of the points here even inadvertently may be considered as an act of scientific fraud and authors will have to face the consequences.


Ethical rules

All medical research including human subjects should be conducted according to the rules and regulations of World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.

Authors should refer to ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and follow the guidelines there. If animal and/or human subjects are parts of a study, authors must state in the methods section which Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board approved the methods. The full name of the institution and relevant approval number must be mentioned in the methods sections. Moreover, authors must mention whether participants provided informed consent in written or verbal forms.

Also, it must be mentioned that the consent was provided by the participant himself/herself or his/her legally authorized representative. For more information about the protection of research participants please refer to  ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants. By submitting manuscripts to Journal of Medical Research and Healthcare (JOMRAH), authors are assumed that have thoroughly read all ICMJE recommendations and agreed to follow them.


Authorship and contributorship

Journal of Medical Research and Healthcare apply the recommendations on authorship and contributorship provided by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).  For further information please refer to the ICMJE guidelines. Manuscripts should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Please use the forms in the "Guide for authors".

Those who have contributed to the paper should be acknowledged as contributing authors. Pay attention to this point when submitting your manuscripts. 

The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship of the manuscript. Individuals should qualify for the authorship. Moreover, their contribution to the research must be sufficient enough in a way that they take public responsibility for the manuscript various parts, validity of data, methods used, originality and fraud free content, and anything that is stated in it. Only contributors who have at least one of the following contributions are recognized as authors:

  1. Those who contributed to conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data;
  2. Those who contributed to drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and
  3. Those who contributed to final approval of the version to be published
  4. Those who contributed to agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

All contributors who do not meet the four mentioned criteria, should be listed in the Acknowledgment section. For example, funding the research, collecting data, and supervising the research team are acts that do not give the contributors the right of authorship. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

Any scientific or medical writer involved in content preparation as well as anyone who assisted with the preparation of manuscript content must be acknowledged. If medical or scientific writers have contributed in a way that meet authorship qualifications, their name should be listed as authors; Otherwise, their roles must be explicitly acknowledged. These are guidelines provided by EMWA. For more information please refer to European Medical Writer's Association.

As stated in the previous sections, contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship must be explicitly acknowledged. Moreover, any entities that supporting these contributions must be identified and listed. The roles and functions of the contributors must be described clearly. These contributors must give the authors permission to be acknowledged. Under no circumstances do authors have the rights to acknowledge any individual without his/her permission or the permission of his/her legal representative.

The works that have conducted by a large and/or multi-center group must have clear identification of the individuals based on their roles. All individuals must meet the criteria of authorship or contributorship stated in previous sections. All individuals whose names are listed must accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. 

The group should list the names of all individuals and must decide contributors and authors before submission. The order of presence of the authors and contributors must be stated clearly by the group. The corresponding author must be decided by the group and he/she must be able to fully explain the presence and order of individuals. Journal of Medical Research and Healthcare will not make decisions related to the authorship, contributorship, or order of presence. 
Any proposed changes regarding the authorship of the submitted manuscript or published articles must be presented by sending a signed approval from each author. However, published articles will not be changed and the changes will be done through publishing a separate correction article. Under no circumstances will changes in authorship after submission or publication extending to all authors listed in the initial submitted manuscript be accepted. These guidelines are in line with the recommendations of COPE.

If authors do not agree on the authorship of the manuscript, they should resolve their disagreement through their institution. Resolving these kinds of disputes are not the responsibility of Journal of Medical Research and Healthcare.



Referencing and citation

Any claims made in manuscripts should be supported by relevant and appropriate literature. These relevant works should be cited accordingly. Please pay attention that self-citing if not used extensively is allowed. However, collective use of self-cite is not only strongly unrecommended but also causes the papers to be disapproved.

For citing related literature, authors are requested to follow the guidelines provided in this section:

  • Anything in the manuscript which relies on an external source should be supported by appropriate citation.
  • It is strongly recommended that authors use cite the original work. Citing an article which cited the original work is not appropriate.
  • Authors should read the sources carefully and cite them only when they are supporting the ideas proposed in their manuscripts. Citing irrelevant or contrasting sources to authors' claims is inappropriate.
  • Authors should not cite those sources that they have not read.
  • Authors should be careful not to be preferential in their use of citations. Citing one's own published works or those of his/her friends, peers, or institution is not ethical unless those works are truly relevant, supportive, and deserve to be cited.
  • Authors are recommended to cite peer-reviewed sources whenever possible.
  • Under no circumstances are authors allowed to cite advertisements and/or advertorial material.



Any violation of copyright, plagiarism, or any breach of the publication rules of JOMRAH is going to have serious consequences for authors and anyone responsible for the manuscript. Protecting the rights of the authors is the first priority whether they are our authors or not. This is not only a protection for authors but also a protection for the journal against malpractice. To ensure that we check every submitted article with different software and online sources specializing in recognizing duplicate works or plagiarism. However, authors should be aware of the point that by submitting manuscripts to JOMRAH they are assumed to have respected the rules and their manuscripts are free of plagiarism or any kind of breach of the rules. Authors are recommended to follow the guidelines at www.plagiarism.org. We also scan submitted documents using Similarity Check for free if requested by the authors. 

If we find any of the following at any time we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing a corrigendum or erratum article, disapproving and/or removing the article from the site, inserting the names of the authors into the blacklist of the journal, pursuing the authors through qualified judicial authorities, sharing the article and authors' names with other journals and communities through official letters, informing communities, facilities, or organizations mentioned in the affiliation:

1- The authors have plagiarized other work(s)

2- The authors used third-party copyright material without the permission or have not used sufficient acknowledgment

3- The authorship of the article has not set clearly and there are contributors who are truly have the right of authorship but not mentioned in the submitted manuscript



The article or material within must not have been published previously. However, in the following cases the previously published articles may be accepted:

1- If the data is considered as "raw data"

2- If the article is based on a thesis or dissertation which has been archived in an institution library.

3- If the article is part of the abstract or posters that have been presented in a conference. However, they should only be presented not published. Moreover, the conference organizer should not have been given any license and all the rights should be retained for the author.

4- If the article has been uploaded to a pre-print server.    


Translated works

As stated in the previous section, articles must not have been published previously no matter in which language it was written. However, if the article is a translated copy of another article, authors should mention this in their submission. Moreover, they should provide evidence that they have the permission of the original author(s) of the article. The complete previous publication details and citation must be provided. Following mentioned guidelines is necessary for accepting the manuscripts but not sufficient. The Editorial board decides whether to publish translated published articles or not. Only after the approval of the editorial board, the article will be accepted and published.


Conflict of Interest

International Committee of Medical Journal Editors define conflict of interest as follow:

“A conflict of interest exists when professional judgment concerning a primary interest (such as patients' welfare or the validity of research) may be influenced by a secondary interest (such as financial gain). Perceptions of conflict of interest are as important as actual conflicts of interest.”

In general, any involvement in the process of the study, whether unofficially or in the name of sponsorship, which may affect the authors' in accessing the data, interpreting the data, or analyzing it is considered a conflict of interest.

Having a conflict of interest is not a factor to cause the manuscripts be disapproved on its own. However, if authors do not declare such conflict of interest, their act is considered a breach of the rules and regulations and will have serious consequences for them. To prevent such cases, all authors must download a form for "Disclosure of Conflict of Interest", which has been developed by ICMJE and is available on "Guide for Authors" section in www.JOMRAH.ir , and send the filled and signed form alongside their manuscripts. For more information about conflict of interest and its potential cases please refer to www.icmje.org.



JOMRAH is an open access journal under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License. Thus, any article published is available to others for use and distribution without permission. However, using the articles commercially, using articles without proper citation and reference, or any modifications and adaptations are forbidden.

If authors want to use materials such as tables, illustrations, and figures that have been published before, they must get the permission from copyright holders of such materials. Using lengthy quotations is also needed permission of usage from the original author.