Written by Seyed Hamzeh Seddigh, Behnaz Bahmanyar
Background and aim: Today, it seems that one of the important duties of universities is to pay attention to moral values as well as students' individual, emotional, and personal growth. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the moral intelligence of medical students of Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences in 2016.
Method: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study which was conducted on undergraduate students of Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences in 2016. The study population of this study were all 250 students of Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences from whom 122 students were entered into the study using convenience sampling method. The data gathering tool was a two-part questionnaire, the first part included demographic characteristics of the subjects, and the second part contained 40-item questionnaire of Lennick and Kiel's moral intelligence scale which had four dimensions (integrity, accountability, compassion and forgiveness) and 10 indicators. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent sample t-test, and one way ANOVA using IBM SPSS 19 statistical software. P values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant.
Results: 154 questionnaires were distributed, of which 147 were completed and returned (95.45%). Fifteen students were (10.2%) 18 years old, 38 (25.9%) were 19, 41 (27.9%) were 20, 38 (25.9%) were 21, 8 (7.4%) were 22, and the rest were over 23 years old, with an average age of 20.29 years with a standard deviation of 2.37 years. There was no significant difference between the level of income and the level of education of parents with any of the indicators of moral intelligence and its final score. There were significant differences between different age groups regarding accountability (P = 0.02) and forgiveness (P = 0.04). However, no difference was found between indicators of integrity (P =0.3), compassion (P = 0.2) and the final score of the moral intelligence. There was also no significant difference between the sex of students and their moral intelligence indicators and their final score (P > 0.05), but there was a significant relationship between the place of residence and the forgiveness index (P = 0.01).
Conclusion: In general, students at Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences had a reasonably acceptable moral intelligence. However, due to the development of this characteristic, it is necessary to provide a supportive environment to encourage students towards the moral values with the help and cooperation of faculty members and professors.
Keywords: moral intelligence, medical students, university